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Friday, May 24, 2019

 
Transport Minimize

The transport sector is an essential component of the economic system in the region of the Sahara. It includes tourist road transport, passenger and freight, shipping and air transport.

Road transport

Road transport has grown quickly thanks to state’s support to access to credit cars, licenses (taxis) and passenger transport authorisations linking the Sahara region to all the Kingdom’s towns and major European cities.

The liberalization of goods transport operated by the state in 2005 has allowed the emergence on the market of several domestic and foreign transport companies allowing goods transportation to and from the main cities in the Sahara region.

The following table presents the vehicles registered under the registration center. These figures do not include state’s vehicles as well as the vehicles registered abroad:


Centre

Ensemble des

véhicules (2002)

Véhicules de

tourisme (2002)

Ensemble des

véhicules (2003)

Véhicules de

tourisme (2003)

Laâyoune

437

270

704

419

Autres centres (dont les autres villes de la région du Sahara

10 718

6 722

10 395

5 550

The following table presents driving licenses issued by examination centers:

Régions

Femmes (2004)

Total (2004)

Femmes (2005)

Total (2005)

Oued Eddahab-Lagouira

148

1 574

104

1 338

Dakhla

148

1 574

104

1 338

Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra

684

4 872

357

3 941

Laâyoune

638

4 295

318

3 333

Boujdour

46

577

39

608

Guelmim-Smara

595

7 048

233

4 313

Smara

93

753

34

680

Guelmim

270

2 223

85

1 777

Tan-Tan

232

4 072

114

1 856


The following table shows figures on the national public road transport. The region of the Sahara registers between 5 to 10% of figures below:

Parc agréé

2004

2005

Variation en %

Transports publics de voyageurs
Nombre d’autorisations dont exploitées

 

 3 449

 

 3 498
2 570

 

1,4

Transports touristiques

Nombre d’autorisations dont exploitées

 

6 817

 

7 325
2 969

 

7,5

Transports mixtes

Nombre d’autorisations dont exploitées

 

2 243

 

2 487
1 025

 

10,

Transports publics de marchandises

Nombre d’autorisations dont exploitées

 


21 927

 

 
24 797

 


13,1


The following table presents road freight declared at the level of the Société Nationale de Transport et de Logistique (ex-ONT). These figures do not include the freight by private enterprises set up in Morocco after the liberalization of the transport sector: 

2004

2005

Variation en %

Marchandises transportées (milliers tonnes)

 

18 011

 

21 760

 

20 ,8

Tonnes / km (millions)

1 249

1 256

0,5

The Sahara region alone detains 20% of the above figures.

Maritime Transport

Maritime transport also saw a significant development in the last years. The following tables provide figures on ships boarding and alighting and their loading / unloading:

Navires (E S) (nombre)

2004

2005

Variation en %

Ports nationaux (total)

38 776

40 387

4,2

Ports de la région du Sahara

1 323

1 721

30,1

 

 

 

 

Jauge brute (E S) (Milliers Tonneaux –

1 tonneau = 2,83 m3)

2004

2005

Variation en %

Ports nationaux (total)

345 051

337 084

-2,3

Ports de la région du Sahara

5 631

6 545

16,2

Marchandises au niveau des ports de la région du Sahara (milliers de tonnes)

2004

2005

Variation en %

Chargement

3 040

4 182

37,6

Déchargement

465

573

23,2

 

Airlifts


Regarding air traffic, the national and international companies have linked the main cities in the Sahara region directly or indirectly to all the cities in the Kingdom as well as several capitals and cities in the world

The links below shows destinations and flight schedules concerning the airports of:
  •  Laayoune

  •  Dakhla.

    
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