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Friday, May 24, 2019

 
Telecommunications Minimize

Telecommunications infrastructure in the Sahara region has witnessed an unprecedented development since 1975 covering the main communication axes and large and medium agglomerations.

The great investments devoted by the national operators in the region constitute a priority action for the region development. This action aims at the extension, improvement and modernization of telecommunication networks by helping carry out major projects in the Sahara region.

The main achievements of national operators in the Sahara region are described as follows:

Achievements of the operator Itissalat Al Maghrib (IAM)

 Voice platforms: 
since 1975, The Sahara region has witnessed the completion of major projects including the installation and commissioning of digital telephone centers, providing many facilities and services with a total capacity of 43,350 equipment serving about 30,000 subscribers.

telecom-en01.PNG

telecom-en02.PNG


- Laayoune Province:
The province of Laayoune has a telephone center which has been extended in 1976 to 2000 lines and a change for its attachment to the national network. In 1989, it was replaced by a central digital technology with a capacity of 4,000 lines.

Currently the province has a digital telephone center with a capacity of 15,236 lines and 11,283 subscribers in service.

- Boujdour Province:
The Boujdour province has known in 1989 the creation of a digital telephone center with a capacity of 360 subscribers. Currently, the province has a Unity of Remote Connection Subscribers (URAD) with a capacity of 2,196 lines and 1,351 subscribers in service.


- Oued Eddahab Province:
The province of Oued Eddahab saw in 1989 the setting up of a digital telephone center with a capacity of 2,986 subscribers. Currently, the province has a capacity of 4,032 lines and 3,257 subscribers in service. 

- Smara Province:
Smara The province has experienced in 1991, the establishment of a digital telephone exchange with a capacity of 1.0 subscribers. Currently, the province has a URAD with a capacity of 2,829 lines and 1,699 subscribers in service.

Moreover, the bordering provinces (Guelmim, Tan-Tan, Tata, Assa-Zag, Aousserd) saw the introduction of digital telephone centers with a total capacity of 18,668 equipment subscribers with nearly 12,044 subscribers connected.

- Tan-Tan Province:
The province of Tan-Tan has since 1978 a telephone analogical capacity of 400 subscribers. Currently, the province has three URADs: Tan-Tan, Tan-Tan City and Tan-Tan Beach with a capacity of 4,912 lines and 3,500 subscribers in service. 

- Guelmim Province:
The province of Guelmim has since 1978 two analogical telephone capacity of 1,800 subscribers. It experienced in 1993, the creation of two digital telephone centers with a capacity of 4,200 subscribers. Currently, the province has two URADs with a capacity of 8,944 lines and 6,027 subscribers in service. 

- Tata Province:
The province of Tata saw in 1990 the setting up of a digital telephone center with a capacity of 512 subscribers. Currently, the province has an URAD with a capacity of 2,464 lines and 1,477 subscribers in service.

- Assa-Zag Province:
The province of Assa-Zag which saw in 1993 the setting up of a digital telephone center with a capacity of 640 subscribers and another one in 1996 with a capacity of 500 subscribers. Currently, the province has two URADs in Assa and Zag with respective capacities of 1,836 and 974 subscribers in service.

- Aousserd Province:
Currently, the province has an URAD with a capacity of 512 lines and 67 subscribers in service.

ADSL
Over the past five years, IAM has set up the ADSL network in the Sahara region by deploying about 33 ADSL multiplexers commonly known as ADSL DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexor) with a capacity of 11,756 accesses, thus offering high-speed Internet access to the region’s citizens.

Data
The ADSL customers in the region of the Sahara can access to data services (Maghripac,… VPN) or via X25 node Laayoune with 84 access via leased lines, ADSL or ISDN.


Transmission Infrastructure
The Sahara region is connected to the national network transmission by fiber optic links, digital microwave links, radio links and finally through satellite links. 

- Optic fiber infrastructure:
The cables with 24 optical fibers connect the cities of Agadir, Tiznit, Guelmim, Tan-Tan, Laayoune and Tarfaya. They include the following links:
- Connection at 2.5 Gb/s: Agadir - Noauceur - Tiznit - Bouizakarne -Guelmim - Ras Oumlil-Tan-Tan-Chbika - Akjhfenir - Taoulikt - Tarfaya - Douara - Laâyoune.
- Connection at 622 Mb/s: Agadir - Noauceur - Tiznit - Bouizakarne -Guelmim- Ras Oumlil-Tan-Tan-Chbika - Akjhfenir - Taoulikt - Tarfaya - Douara - Laâyoune.
- Connection at 622 Mb/s: Agadir - Noauceur - Tiznit- Bouizakarne -Guelmim - Ras Oumlil-Tan-Tan.

- Digital microwave system:
- Connection at 2 * 140 Mb / s: Agadir - Guelmim-Tan-Tan.
- Link at 140 Mb / s: Tan-Tan-Tarfaya - Laâyoune.
- 2 connections to 16 * 2 Mbps: Laâyoune - Smara.
- Connection at 16 * 2 Mbps: Laâyoune - Boujdour.
- connection at 16 * 2 Mbps: Boujdour - Lamzirifa.
- Connection (2) 1 x 155Mb / s: Tan-Tan-Laâyoune - Lemzirifa completely finished

Space Infrastructure in the Sahara region

The Sahara region has a large space infrastructure to allow the maximum flow of traffic with other regions of the kingdom and for the routing of international traffic for departure and arrival for the same services: fixed voice & mobile, Data, Internet….

- Dakhla City:
- Earth station 7.6m Ku-band.
- Earth station 4.6m Ku-band.
- Earth station 3.8m Ku-band.
Station 4.6 m-C band

These four stations are used for DOMSAT traffic: fixed telephony, ADSL, Mobile and enterprises (DOMSAT = Domestic Satellite). 

- 2.4M Station installed at the Bouirda site (mobile traffic)  
- 2.4M Station installed at the 3rd RIM site (mobile traffic)
- 2.4M Station installed at the Umm dreiga site (mobile traffic) 
- 2.4M Station installed at the Beggari site (mobile traffic) 

- City of Aousserd:
- Earth station 3.8m Ku-band (fixed telephony, ADSL, Mobile and companies)
- 2.4M Station installed at the Bir Gendouz site (mobile traffic)
- 2.4M Station installed at the Tichla site (mobile traffic)
- 2.4M Station installed at the barbas CAP site (mobile and fixed traffic)     

- City of Laayoune:
- Earth station 3.8m Ku-band
- Four VSAT 1.8M antenna installed at the Galtat Zemour, Amgala, Toukat Nakhla and Houza sites (publiphony Service) 

Public Phones
Nowadays, several public phones are installed in the Sahara region as shown in the following table:

telecom1.jpg

GSM Network by Ittisalat Al Maghrib:  

The tables below present all facilities and infrastructure deployed by IAM in connection with the operation of its GSM network:

GSM Base Station Controller

Controller Capacity

BSC Laâyoune 1

432 TRX

BSC Laâyoune 2

448 TRX

BSC Guelmim

634 TRX

BSC Dakhla

240 TRX

Site TRX Configuration

Manufacturer

Taille antenne

Site Type

Code

CID of 1st Sector

Operation Date

1/1

Ericsson

60

SUNSITE

782010

16740

05/07/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

17

MACRO

773018

17743

16/08/2005

2/2/2

Ericsson

39

MACRO

781018

17327

27/08/2004

1/1

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

771014

17992

08/09/2006

2/2/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

782002

16095

30/06/2001

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

770044

18059

13/07/2006

2/2/2

Ericsson

49

MACRO

772017

17859

03/01/2006

6/6/2

Ericsson

40

MACRO

772014

16806

19/11/2002

1/1

Ericsson

50

SUNSITE

771005

16725

03/07/2002

6/4/3

Ericsson

29

MACRO

772001

17896

16/05/1999

6/6/4

Ericsson

59

MACRO

773009

16999

30/10/2003

4/4/4

Ericsson

18

MACRO

770040

17239

29/06/2004

2

Ericsson

6

MICRO

773013

16860

31/07/2003

4/4/4

Ericsson

59

MACRO

773022

18130

31/10/2006

4/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

773024

17971

01/08/2006

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

773021

18228

12/11/2006

2/2/2

Ericsson

29

MACRO

781016

17452

10/11/2004

6/5/6

Ericsson

45

MACRO

771004

16474

09/05/1999

2/2/2

Ericsson

38

MACRO

770026

15715

01/05/2001

2/2

Ericsson

70

SUNSITE

771018

17947

01/06/2001

2/2

Ericsson

50

SUNSITE

771006

18151

13/07/2002

1/1

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

771012

18112

06/08/2006

4/2/6

Ericsson

38.5

MACRO

781007

15733

30/12/2000

2/1

Ericsson

50

MACRO

782008

15631

21/12/2000

3/4/6

Ericsson

28.5

MACRO

782011

16626

24/08/2002

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

771007

16692

03/09/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

19

MACRO

770035

17414

30/10/2004

1/1

Ericsson

33

SUNSITE

772025

18155

19/09/2006

4/6/4

Ericsson

29

MACRO

782012

16845

02/12/2002

6/6/6

Ericsson

39

MACRO

773002

16429

06/11/1999

2/2/2

Ericsson

69

MACRO

770006

16407

25/12/2001

1/1

Ericsson

34

SUNSITE

770007

15721

10/05/2001

1/1

Ericsson

34

SUNSITE

770021

15995

19/04/2001

1/1

Ericsson

34

SUNSITE

770022

16486

21/04/2001

3/4/4

Ericsson

28

MACRO

773005

16827

16/12/2002

4/3/3

Ericsson

30

MACRO

773001

15823

07/04/2001

4/4/4

Ericsson

18

MACRO

773016

17263

04/07/2004

6/5/3

Ericsson

20

MACRO

770016

15523

30/09/2000

2/3

Ericsson

24

MACRO

770009

15199

06/09/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

18

MACRO

771011

17251

10/07/2004

4/4/4

Ericsson

23

MACRO

770010

16036

23/07/2001

6/6/6

Ericsson

49

MACRO

785095

17505

18/03/2005

2/2/2

Ericsson

48.5

MACRO

781006

18270

26/06/2001

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

782009

15905

02/05/2001

2/2/1

Ericsson

39

MACRO

770028

16800

29/11/1999

2

Ericsson

7

MICRO

782003

16003

21/05/2001

2/6/2

Ericsson

52

MACRO

781003

16447

16/05/1999

6/6/6

Ericsson

23.5

MACRO

781005

10094

27/10/1999

6/6/6

Ericsson

58.5

MACRO

771008

16812

21/11/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

773025

18085

07/08/2006

1/1

Ericsson

60

SUNSITE

770024

15967

28/05/2001

5/3/3

Ericsson

40

MACRO

770031

16629

20/02/2002

1/1

Ericsson

17

SUNSITE

770005

16722

03/05/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

59

MACRO

773015

17002

31/07/2003

4/4/3

Ericsson

23

MACRO

770012

16039

25/07/2001

2/2/2

Ericsson

20.5

MACRO

782014

16928

28/08/2003

6/6/5

Ericsson

18

MACRO

773004

16830

24/10/2003

4/4/4

Ericsson

18.6

MACRO

782018

17939

26/04/2006

4/3/3

Ericsson

19

MACRO

781004

16419

04/01/2002

2/2

Ericsson

40

SUNSITE

770025

18217

01/07/2001

4/3/4

Ericsson

19

MACRO

770030

16782

23/11/2002

1/1

Ericsson

55

SUNSITE

772004

16716

06/05/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

22

MACRO

781017

17192

26/05/2004

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

772028

18178

15/12/2006

4/4/4

Ericsson

20

MACRO

770042

17236

29/06/2004

3/4/2

Ericsson

16.5

MACRO

782004

16662

13/02/2002

4/4

Ericsson

70

MACRO

770001

18034

07/07/2001

2/2/2

Ericsson

59

MACRO

772005

17933

03/05/2002

2/2/2

Ericsson

49

MACRO

781026

18309

01/01/2007

4/4/4

Ericsson

60

MACRO

773023

18106

09/08/2006

2/2

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

771015

17996

11/09/2006

1/1

Ericsson

58.5

SUNSITE

771002

16404

08/05/2002

3/3/3

Ericsson

18.5

MACRO

770008

15386

19/05/2000

4/2/2

Ericsson

20

MACRO

770013

18078

30/11/1999

2/2/2

Ericsson

20

MACRO

770013

18079

30/11/1999

6/4/5

Ericsson

33

MACRO

770014

16468

24/03/1997

6/2/3

Ericsson

37

MACRO

770020

16480

01/06/1999

3/4/4

Ericsson

23

MACRO

770034

16980

18/10/2003

4/4/4

Ericsson

19

MACRO

772022

17980

27/06/2006

2/2

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

771013

17994

11/09/2006

1/1

Ericsson

82.5

SUNSITE

771001

16201

02/10/2001

1/1

Ericsson

33

SUNSITE

772024

18153

04/11/2006

2/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

781024

17836

29/12/2005

6/6/6

Ericsson

49

MACRO

785094

17508

29/12/2004

1/1

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

773020

18170

04/10/2006

2/2

Ericsson

6

MICRO

773003

16181

03/10/2001

2/2

Ericsson

50

MACRO

781011

15541

20/11/2000

2

Ericsson

25

MICRO

770018

15468

17/10/2003

2

Ericsson

-

MICRO

773014

16995

24/05/2003

2/3/3

Ericsson

26

MACRO

770029

16677

15/02/2002

1/1

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

770004

16101

31/08/2001

2/2

Ericsson

50

MACRO

770023

16030

29/06/2001

4/4/4

Ericsson

21.5

MACRO

781013

16945

24/08/2003

1/1

Ericsson

66

SUNSITE

772012

16686

02/05/2002

4/4/4

Ericsson

22

MACRO

770041

17233

30/06/2004

4/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

770043

17212

26/06/2004

2/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

773026

17974

05/08/2006

4/4

Ericsson

39

MACRO

772015

17437

05/09/2004

1/1

Ericsson

70

SUNSITE

772013

16689

12/03/2002

3/3/3

Ericsson

20

MACRO

771010

16836

21/11/2002

2/2

Ericsson

29

MACRO

781020

17398

07/11/2004

2/1

Ericsson

28.5

MACRO

781010

15538

21/11/2000

6/6/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

772016

17408

29/10/2004

3/3/3

Ericsson

21.5

MACRO

773007

16962

24/10/2003

2/2

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

771016

18226

13/01/2007

2/2

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

771017

18001

25/12/2006

4/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

772019

17986

17/06/2006

2/6/6

Ericsson

49

MACRO

773017

17082

16/05/2004

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

773019

17758

01/08/2005

2/2

Ericsson

6

MICRO

773012

16861

13/12/2002

1/1

Ericsson

40

SUNSITE

772009

15970

04/06/2001

1/1

Ericsson

40

SUNSITE

772011

16713

12/03/2002

2/2

Ericsson

29

MACRO

781015

17070

01/01/2004

2/2/2

Ericsson

14

MACRO

772030

17022

24/12/2003

1/1

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

770050

18213

29/10/2006

1/1

Ericsson

58

SUNSITE

772003

16719

03/05/2002

2/2/2

Ericsson

49

MACRO

782015

17638

30/09/2005

4/4/4

Ericsson

17

MACRO

782016

17460

07/11/2004

4/4/4

Ericsson

25

MACRO

770045

18223

06/11/2006

6/6/6

Ericsson

32

MACRO

770017

15613

29/11/2000

6/6/6

Ericsson

28

MACRO

770015

15610

29/11/2000

6/5/6

Ericsson

23

MACRO

770019

15616

29/11/2000

4/4/4

Ericsson

29

MACRO

781019

17983

19/09/2006

6/6/6

Ericsson

23

MACRO

770027

16839

01/12/2002

6/3/6

Ericsson

22

MACRO

772006

15826

24/02/2001

4/4/3

Ericsson

28

MACRO

772008

16471

06/05/1999

3/4/4

Ericsson

15

MACRO

772031

16977

24/12/2003

6/4/2

Ericsson

24

MACRO

772007

16483

05/03/2001

1/1

Ericsson

40

SUNSITE

770032

16743

03/07/2002

6/2

Ericsson

14

MACRO

782005

10064

28/08/1999

6/4/6

Ericsson

43

MACRO

782007

16432

09/05/1999

4/3/6

Ericsson

40

MACRO

782001

16435

10/05/1999

2/2

Ericsson

49

SUNSITE

770002

18211

03/09/2001

1/1

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

770033

18315

30/07/2002

2/2/2

Ericsson

49

MACRO

781023

17839

01/03/2006

4/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

773027

18082

30/07/2006

2/2/2

Ericsson

40

MACRO

781008

16047

04/07/2001

6/6/6

Ericsson

40

MACRO

772010

16809

20/11/2002

2/2/6

Ericsson

69

MACRO

770003

16477

09/05/1999

1/1

Ericsson

59

SUNSITE

782017

17961

28/05/2006

2/4/4

Ericsson

12

MACRO

772002

17893

11/05/1999

2/2/2

Ericsson

20

MACRO

773008

16965

22/10/2003

4/4/4

Ericsson

22

MACRO

770046

18003

16/08/2006

1/2

Ericsson

40

MACRO

781009

15878

06/07/2001

4/4/4

Ericsson

49

MACRO

772020

18297

02/02/2007



Map illustrating IAM facilities

IAM ANG.jpg

Achievements by Méditelecom Operator:

In the framework of the exploitation of its GSM network, the MDT operator has deployed the following telecommunications infrastructure in the Sahara region:

- 37 GSM basic stations. Click here to see details (Annex II.1 download in a new window)
- 36 transmission links including 33 in FH and 3 in VSAT (Annex II.2 download in a new window)
- 115 public phones including:

  • 51 Médiboutiques
  • 62 public phones
  •  2 MEDITEL stores)


- 29 outlets including: 

  • 13 stores
  •  13 franchisees
  • 3 sub agents


The tables below show Méditelecom operator facilities:

Localization

Site A

Site B

Capacity

Dakhla City

DAK001

DAK003

2X2

 

DAK001

DAK005

2X2

DAK001

DAK006

2X2

DAK001

DAK002

2X2

DAK001

DAK004

8X2

 Laâyoune City

LAA103

LAA102

4X2

 

LAA102

BSC10

8X2

LAA009

BSC10

2X2

LAA002

BSC10

4X2

LAA011

BSC10

2X2

LAA001

BSC10

4X2

LAA003

LAA001

4X2

LAA008

LAA001

2X2

LAA005

LAA001

4X2

LAA007

LAA001

2X2

LAA006

LAA002

2X2

LAA010

LAA011

2X2

Axe Laâyoune-Tarfaya– Tan-tan

LAA900

BSC10

16X2

 

LAA900

LAA901

16X2

LAA901

LAA902

16X2

LAA902

TAF001

16X2

TAF001

LAA903

16X2

LAA903

LAA904

16X2

LAA904

LAA905

2X2

LAA904

RTNT01

16X2

RTNT01

LAA906

2X2

RTNT01

LAA907

2X2

RTNT01

LAA908

16X2

LAA908

TNT102

16X2

 Tan-Tan City

ELO001

TNT102

8X2

 

TNT101

TNT102

8X2

TNT002

TNT101

8X2

Tan-tan to Agadir

 16E1 Capacity Connection

Assa - Marrakech

VSAT connection

Boujdour - Marrakech

VSAT connection

 

VSAT connection




Store Type

District

City

MTB

 

Boujdour

Public Site

 

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

Site Public

.

Dakhla

Site Public

Hay El Massira II

Dakhla

Site Public

Place Ahmed Laaroussi

Dakhla

Site Public

El Massira III

Dakhla

Site Public

 

Dakhla

MTB

 

Smara

Site Public

 

Smara

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

Av Hassan II

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

MTB

 

Goulmima

Site Public

 

Goulmime

Site Public

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

MTB

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

Site Public

 

Guelmim

MTB

 

Guolmima

Site Public

 

Guoulmime

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

Bd Mezzourt

Laâyoune

MTB

Port Laâyoune

Laâyoune

MTB

Souk Jmal

Laâyoune

MTB

El Wahda 2

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

Own Shop

1710

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

Own Shop

Hay Hjira

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

Bd Mezouar

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Laâyoune

MTB

 

Laâyoune

Site Public

 

Semara

MTB

 

Tan Tan

MTB

 

Tan Tan

MTB

 

Tan Tan

Site Public

 

Tan Tan

Site Public

 

Tantan

Site Public

 

Tarfaya

MTB

 

Tata

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

TATA

Site Public

 

Tata

Site Public

 

Tata

Site Public

 

Tata

Site Public

 

Tata

MTB

 

Tata


It is worth mentioning that another national operator WANA has recently obtained mobile telephony and Internet access licences (2005/2006). We will let you know any future action plan of this operator in the Sahara region. 
 
 
Production of telecommunication projects within the framework of universal telecommunication service
As part of the implementation of universal service functions in accordance with existing regulations and following proposals by national operators, the Management Committee of Universal Telecommunications Service has validated several telecommunications projects. 

telecom-en03.PNG

The completed projects on the improvement of telecommunications infrastructure concerning localities belonging to the Sahara region are presented below:
Other universal service projects, concerning other localities falling within the Sahara region, are being implemented by national telecommunication operators. 
As for the tri-annual Genie programme launched by the Kingdom of Morocco for extending the use of information technology in schools, multimedia rooms were equipped in two colleges, three high schools and four primary schools in Dakhla and Smara. 

Two training rooms were created in Laayoune and Dakhla. These rooms are intended for the training of teachers in charge of maintaining multimedia spaces. In the next two phases of GENIE, information technology will be introduced in all institutions and to the strengthening of digital educational content.

Satellite Telecommunications Services:
In addition to telecommunications operators, the Kingdom of Morocco has granted eight (08) licenses relating to the creation and exploitation of public telecommunications networks via satellite:

- Five (05) GMPCS (Personal Mobile Communications by Satellite), including:
O Globlstar North Africa for the use of GLOBALSTAR satellite network;  
O Orbcomm Maghreb to use ORBCOMM satellite network;
O European Maghreb Data SA for the use of INMARSAT satellite networks and IRIDIUM;
O Soremar Ltd. to use Inmarsat satellite network;
O Thuraya Maghreb to use THURAYA satellite network;
-- Three (03) VSAT type, including:
O Gulfsat Maghreb;
O Cimecom;
O and SpaceCom. 
The authorized satellite networks cover the whole Sahara region.

Map illustrating telecommunication infrastructure

FAISCEAU HERTZIEN ANG.jpg

    
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